This research investigates the use of ICTs to empower the situated agency of potential victims of human trafficking, to enable them to identify themselves to frontline responders and enhance their conditions.
The International Labor Organization estimates that there are 21 million people in situations of human trafficking, with 68% of these occurring within supply chains of private sector industries, and 22% in situations of sexual exploitation. In their 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report, the US State Department reported that in 2016, 0.3% of the total estimated victims were identified (66,520 people). Related work has shown that traffickers isolate potential victims from online as well as offline networks, so a question that this research seeks to understand is what ICTs could be leveraged to allow migrant workers to self-identify as victims of human trafficking.
To understand how ICTs can be leveraged to support potential victims, this research aims to answer the following questions:
This research uses an iterative approach, following the basic flow of needs assessment, technology development, monitoring and evaluation, and then subsequent redesign. For the pilot investigation, the target group consists of migrant workers in vulnerable situations in Thailand.
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES AND METHODS
Different methodologies are adopted across this research to address the following research objectives:
As part of the migrant technology project, this research also seeks to contribute to a broader understanding of the use of ICTs by migrant workers in vulnerable situations, to empower their situated agency and change their overall working conditions.
Human Trafficking, ICTs, Self Identification, Situated Agency